What is a Scallops? How mush is 1kg? Proper preparation and delicious dishes from scallops
Scallop is a type of shellfish that is highly nutritious and contains many beneficial nutrients. What’s special is that, compared to other seafood like abalone, sea cucumber, or sea urchin, scallops are often reasonably priced and come in various sizes, making them suitable for a wide range of consumers. In this article, we will explore what scallops are, their nutritional value, their common types, their prices per kilogram, how to prepare them properly, and some delicious scallop dishes.
I. What Are Scallops?
1. Identification Characteristics of Scallops
– Scallops are marine animals with a distinctive fan-shaped shell, composed of calcium carbonate, and have pronounced ridges on the surface.
– They belong to the mollusk group, having two shells connected by a hinge. The shape of scallops resembles an open fan, with many ridges on the shell.
– In the Eastern North Atlantic Ocean, scallops are often referred to as “giant scallops” or “king scallops” due to their large size.
– The inside of the shell contains scallop meat, also known as the scallop roe, surrounded by two long mantles. This meat is white, tender, and sweet in flavor.
2. Nutritional Value of Scallops
– Scallops, like many other valuable seafood, are rich in nutrients and offer numerous health benefits, especially in the scallop roe. A steamed scallop portion weighing about 85 grams contains only 94 calories, and its cholesterol content is also low.
– Therefore, scallops are a smart food choice for health-conscious individuals, particularly benefiting heart health. Scallop roe contains healthy omega-3 fatty acids, reducing the risk of heart diseases, stroke, and atherosclerosis.
– Scallops are also a good source of protein, enhancing metabolism and supporting weight loss. An 85-gram portion of scallops provides approximately 20 grams of protein, efficiently fueling the body.
– Additionally, scallop roe contains essential trace nutrients such as copper, zinc, and selenium, crucial for brain and nervous system function, immune health, and overall growth, particularly in children.
II. Common Types of Scallops
1. Japanese Scallops
– Known for their large size and weight, Japanese scallops are almost the size of an adult’s hand, weighing between 83 grams and 125 grams. They typically require 5 to 6 years of cultivation.
– Japanese scallops, especially the scallop roe, are prized for their round shape and thicker meat.
2. American Scallops
– American scallops continue to lead in terms of size and quality globally. Their meat is particularly firm and flavorful, with a distinct sweet taste.
– Over the years, this meat has become a favorite choice for creating famous appetizers, making American scallops a top choice for those exploring unique flavors.
3. Vietnamese Scallops:
– Vietnamese scallop roe is known for its creamy white color, round shape, and desirable tenderness. When consumed, it resembles a buttery taste.
– On average, each kilogram of Vietnamese scallops contains about 40 to 60 roe, providing an excellent culinary experience for diners.
III. Scallop Prices per Kilogram
– Scallop prices can vary widely depending on factors like size and origin. Here are some common price ranges for scallops in the market:
– Vietnamese Scallops, Size S (120 – 150 roe/kg): 272,000 VND/kg
– Vietnamese Scallops, Size L (40 – 60 roe/kg): 540,000 VND/kg
– Japanese Scallops, Whole (per kg): 185,000 VND – 255,000 VND/kg
– Japanese Scallops, Half-Shells (8 – 10 roe/kg): 290,000 VND – 320,000 VND/kg
– Japanese Scallops, Roe (20 – 35 roe/kg): 720,000 VND – 750,000 VND/kg
– American Scallops, Roe (10 – 20 roe/kg): 790,000 VND/kg
IV. Proper Scallop Preparation
After purchasing scallops, proper preparation is essential for cooking. You can follow these steps:
- Rinse the scallops and remove the shells.
- Soak them in a saltwater solution for about 10 minutes to remove any remaining sand. Rinse them thoroughly to ensure no sand or excess salt remains.
- Optionally, use a vacuum-sealed bag to store the scallop meat, removing the air to better preserve them.
V. Delicious Scallop Recipes
1. Grilled Scallops with Garlic Butter
This dish combines the sweetness of scallops with the richness of garlic butter. It’s a classic and easy way to enjoy scallops.
2. Scallop Ceviche
Ceviche is a fresh and tangy dish where scallops are “cooked” in citrus juice. It’s a refreshing appetizer or light meal.
3. Pan-Seared Scallops with Lemon Garlic Sauce
Pan-searing scallops gives them a lovely golden crust. The lemon garlic sauce adds a burst of flavor.
VI. Proper Scallop Storage
– While scallops can’t be kept alive in the fridge, correct preparation and storage can extend their shelf life.
– After processing, you can place the scallop meat in a vacuum-sealed bag to remove excess air and enhance preservation.
– Store the bag of scallops in the freezer. This method can keep scallops fresh for 3 to 6 months, depending on their initial condition and storage conditions.
Scallops are a delicious and nutritious seafood option with various culinary possibilities. Enjoy exploring the diverse flavors and preparations that scallops can offer. Don’t forget to follow KINGFISH to discover more about seafood.